Key Features of WBL in Montenegro
Work-based learning in Montenegro is aimed at facilitating the transition of young people educated in VET schools to the labour market, as well as reducing the risk of unemployment of VET graduates.
There are two types of work-based learning in Montenegro:
- WBL partially delivered by school and partially by employer
- WBL fully delivered by employer – dual education.
The number of hours of practical training spent at a company depends on the curriculum. Practical training in Montenegro may also be school-based, delivered in school cabinets, laboratories, workshops, etc.
Work-based learning carried out partially by school and by employer is regulated by a contract on practical training signed between the school principal and the employer. The responsibilities of the employer are defined by schools.
Work-based learning carried out fully by the employer i.e. company is the so-called dual education. Student, or their parent/tutor, shall sign an individual contract on work-based learning with an employer, which regulates mutual rights and responsibilities of students and employers during dual education term, as well as the role of the school. The responsibilities of employers for this type of WBL are defined by the Centre for Vocational Education and Training. Employers are not obliged to pay health and pension insurance for students.
The main difference between the school-based practical training and dual education is that in dual education, the employer is in charge of educating students and the examination of the achievements of students in order to progress towards the next grade is conducted at the end of the school year. The check is conducted by the employer and the school. In school-based form, regardless of the time spent at employer, the check is conducted only by the school. The employer ensures their space and equipment.
In dual education, the employer is responsible for the organization, content and quality of practical training.